Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by the bacteria Treponema Pallidum. Syphilis is a nasty little critter. If left untreated Syphilis passes through a number of stages and spreads to the whole body. If untreated for long periods of time, it can cause damage to internal organs including the brain, liver, and eyes and lead to cardiovascular and nervous system complications.
Syphilis is on the rise in Queensland amongst men who have sex with mem (MSM). This includes gay, bisexual and straight men. It is also on the rise within heterosexual men and women, as well as transgender people.
New infections have more than doubled in the last 5 years
In Queensland, men who have sex with men represented 59% of all new Syphilis infections over the last decade (2008-2018)
The biggest outbreaks within Queensland have been in southeast and far north regions
Syphilis is a cheeky little bugger. Syphilis likes penetrative sex (bottom or top) and also oral sex (giving/getting head). Sexual contact may put you at risk of Syphilis
(This could include rubbing genitals together).
If left untreated, Syphilis does not remain localised and spreads to other areas of the body. Syphilis is infectious to your sexual partners during the primary and secondary stages.
There are 3 main stages of infection.
Click To Learn About The Stages Of Syphilis
Click To Learn Why Syphilis Increases Your Risk of HIV
Test Every 3 Months
Sexually active? (including oral sex)
Test Every 3 Months.
Testing includes a blood test and swabs.
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Early Treatment Isn't.
Treatment is usually a one-time injection of antibiotics.
Depending on the stage of infection a course of treatment may be required.
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Important things to know
Being treated for syphilis doesn’t stop you from getting it again
Informing sexual partners prevents reinfection and further transmission to others
Often partners are supportive and appreciate they have been informed that they may have been exposed to an STI. If one partner is untreated for an STI it can be passed back and forth.
You have a few choices:
Tell them face-to-face
Ask your doctor for assistance
Send an online anonymous message as a text or email
1. Tell Your Partner Face-to-face
Just tell them in person or over the phone. If you feel a text message is easier, this works too.
Often we connect with our sexual partners on hook up apps like Grindr. You already have a dialogue going, so why not use this chat option to tell them you got syphilis?
2. Ask Your Doctor
Your doctor can assist you in contacting your sexual partners and suggest they be treated also.
Your doctor may be able to arrange a Contact Tracer (a special public health worker) to inform them for you
You won’t be identified
3. Online Anonymous Notification
If you don’t feel comfortable telling them in person, you can still let them know by an anonymous SMS or email by clicking here
Click For Tips To Assist You In Telling Your Sexual Partners
Use of condoms with water based lube or dams is the most effective way to reduce
transmission of Syphilis and other STIs.
However, did you know you can still contract an STI even if you're using condoms?
For this reason it's best to
Use Condoms & Test Regularly.
Order FREE Condoms
Click For Condom Tips
When it comes to sex, especially safer sex there aren’t many resources available for the Trans, Gender Diverse and Non-Binary communities. We need to be able to talk about our bodies, identities, presentations, wants and needs in a respectful and relatable way that allows for us to have open and honest conversations about who we are and what we want and need in a range of settings and environments this includes sexual health and STIs.
Regardless of who you are STIs don’t discriminate, syphilis can affect EVERYONE. Talk to an LGBTI friendly doctor or sexual health clinic. Practice safer sex and test often, it is important to know your STI & HIV status.
Because Syphilis can move very quickly and silently through our Indigenous communities, and you can’t tell just by looking, the only way we can know is if you are positive is by testing.
It doesn’t matter who you are, it can affect everyone, including our unborn. So always use condoms and be sure that if you have had condomless sex, get tested. It’s very simple to find out. Ask your doctor for a test.
For more information for Indigenous Communities visit: YoungDeadlyFree.org.au
Syphilis is increasing in people with a cervix/uterus of reproductive age and among pregnant people.
Pregnant people with untreated syphilis risk passing syphilis through the placenta to their unborn infant. If left untreated, syphilis can cause serious health problems for both the parent and the baby. Complication for a baby include possible: premature birth, baby born with syphilis (congenital syphilis), still birth or death shortly after birth.
It’s important if you do get diagnosed with syphilis, you let all your sexual partners know, and that includes everyone you are sexually active with.
It can be hard to talk about sex with your mates and people close to you. Whether you’ve been away from home, busy working or on some down time we’ve all had thoughts that keep running around in our minds about getting checked for STIs. The fact is syphilis is on the rise across Queensland, so if you’re in bigger towns like Mackay, Townsville, Cairns or Mount Isa or even if you’re in other towns close by, check out sexual health testing places near you and make an appointment if you’re unsure.